What is periodontitis?

Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease of the periodontal tissues which may result in the gradual loss of the tooth and supporting structures.

The cause of periodontitis

Bacteria and their toxins proliferate and cause bacterial plaque. If plaque is not removed by appropriate oral hygiene, tartar develops due to mineral deposits. A normal toothbrush is no longer sufficient; the deposit removal requires professional cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist. If tartar is left, the inflammatory process may continue to develop.

Read about the different stages of periodontitis below. Please note that only few patients exhibit these advanced symptoms of the inflammatory disease. Always consult with your dentist if you are uncertain about the condition of your gums.

Stages of periodontitis

In the advanced stages of periodontitis, the jaw bone and the fibers retaining the teeth atrophy. This leads to loosening of teeth and, in the worst case, tooth loss.

  • 1. Mild Plaque accumulates on the tooth at the gum margin. The gum becomes inflamed and bleeds.
  • 2. Severe The gum margin loses attachment to the tooth, bacteria multiplies, plaque adheres to the tartar; the surrounding bone atrophies.
  • 3. Massive The gum recedes. Jaw bone and tooth fibers continue to atrophy, the tooth loosens and may fall out.

Treatment steps for periodontitis include initial therapy and regenerative therapy.

Initial treatment

The goal of the regeneration* is the renewal and complete restoration of the structure and function of the lost tissue. A regenerative product from Straumann® may promote the regeneration of hard and soft periodontal tissues. The regenerative treatment may result in a solid, functional new attachment in the bone and soft tissue.

*Since every surgical procedure carries potential risks, patients should always consult a dental professional to evaluate whether a regenerative treatment is an option for them.

Regenerative treatment

The goal of the regeneration is the renewal and complete restoration of the structure and function of the lost tissue. A regenerative product from Straumann® may promote the regeneration of hard and soft periodontal tissues. The regenerative treatment may result in a solid, functional new attachment in the bone and soft tissue.

Treatment aftercare

The process of regeneration and healing with the product by Straumann® should proceed as undisturbed as possible. Your dentist can best advise you regarding the measures that should be taken after the treatment. Below, find some general recommendations for undisturbed healing.

Please note that this information does not replace treatment follow-up visits and regular checkups. By any means, follow your dentist’s instructions.

Some recommendations for undisturbed healing:
  • Use an antibacterial mouthwash
  • Avoid nicotine, coffee and black tea
  • Avoid the treated area when chewing
  • Avoid hard and chewy food
  • Do not clean the treated area with a toothbrush; get professional cleanings if scheduled by your dentist